Collective Nouns used both as Singular and Plural

While collective nouns, which refer to groups of people, animals or things are usually singular, some of them can be used in the singular or plural. If the writer wants to focus on the group, then he will use the singular form. But if he wants to focus on the members of the group, he will use the plural forum.

The jury were unable to reach a verdict.

In the above, the author by using the plural verb were, is focusing on the individual members of the jury. If he wished to focus on the jury as a group, he would say,

The Jury locks itself up for the duration of the trial, to avoid being influenced by television coverage of the criminal proceedings.

Likewise the other collective nouns such as government, teams, people, audience can be used with singular or plural verbs depending on whether you want to focus on the members of the group or the group itself.

A list of nouns that can be singular or plural depending on the context. This usually happens when the collective noun refers to a group consisting of individual members.














In British English the collective nouns can be singular or plural. However in American English, they are always singular except in peculiar circumstances.

In the SAT, the above list of words are always singular unless the context forces the reader to look at the individual members, in which case they are plural.


Subject – Verb Agreement – 4

Collective nouns always take singular verbs.

The team is ready for the match.

The team arrives in five minutes, and I will be in the airport to receive them.

The suburban community is upset due to the rise in crimes.

Her entourage is on its way.

Her entourage consists of the most promising individuals of this decade.

The government is not to be trusted, because its policies are detrimental to the people of the country.

The class is dismissed because the students are unruly.

The archive needs to be deleted, as it contains computer programs that are not longer used.

The government has broken its promise to improve healthcare services for the poor.

The furniture is broken.

The furniture needs to be replaced.

The bee swarm was spotted by the farmers, when it was miles away!  (swarm is the subject, hence singular verb)

The bees were spotted by the farmers, when they were miles away!  (bees is the subject, hence plural verb)